Burma Socialist Programme Party, Extraordinary Congress, July 1988
- (July 23-25, 1988)Sometimes referred to as the "Emergency Congress." In the face of rising popular opposition, Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) Chairman Ne Win convened the congress a year earlier than scheduled to propose radical changes: the retirement of himself, party vice chairman (and president) San Yu, BSPP joint secretary general Sein Lwin, and three other top leaders; the holding of a popular referendum on whether the BSPP one-party system should be maintained, or scrapped in favor of a multiparty "democratic" system; and implementation of fundamental economic reforms (including foreign private investment). In his opening speech, Ne Win also gave his prophetic warning: "when the Army shoots, it shoots to hit; it does not fire into the air to scare." The congress concluded that while Ne Win and San Yu could retire, the other leaders should remain at their posts, and it rejected Ne Win's proposal of a referendum, citing economic rather than political reform as the first priority. On September 26, the BSPP Central Committee chose Sein Lwin as its new chairman, and on the 27th the Pyithu Hluttaw designated him president of the Socialist Union of the Republic of Burma. The much-hated Sein Lwin's assumption of power incited the massive protests of the Four Eights Movement.See also Democracy Summer.
Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Donald M. Seekins . 2014.
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Burma Socialist Programme Party, Extraordinary Congress, Sep. 1988 — (September 10, 1988) The second such congress of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) during 1988, sometimes referred to as an Emergency Congress, at which President and Party Chairman Dr. Maung Maung promised that a free and fair… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Burma Socialist Programme Party — (BSPP) Between 1964 and 1988, the BSPP (in Burmese, Myanma Sosialit Lanzin Pati, or Ma Sa La) was Burma s only legal political party. Established by the Revolutionary Council on July 4, 1962, it espoused a socialist ideology (the Burmese… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
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Democracy Summer — (1988) A series of events between July and September 1988 that constitute the largest popular uprising in Burma s modern history. In her speech of August 26, 1988, at the Shwe Dagon Pagoda, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi called this uprising the… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Economy and Economic Policy, State Law and Order Restoration Council — / State Peace and Development Council Era (1988 ) The Burma Socialist Programme Party Extraordinary Congress, held in July 1988, determined that the socialist economic policy that had been in force since 1962 would be scrapped. In… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Chronology — Prehistory and Early History to 1000 CE ♦ ca. 10,000 BCE 6,000 BCE Neolithic wall paintings appear in Padhalin Cave, Shan State. ♦ 563 BCE 483 BCE Gotama Buddha s lifetime, which according to Burmese legend witnessed construction of Shwe Dagon … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Introduction — When Burma (Myanmar) achieved independence from British colonial rule in 1948, many observers viewed it with its high standards of education and abundant natural resources as one of the Asian countries most likely to achieve economic… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Bibliography — CONTENTS Introduction 488 I. General 493 1. Bibliographies and Research Guides 493 2. Directories, Handbooks, Statistical Abstracts, and Yearbooks 494 3. Guides 494 4. Travel and Description 494 II. History 496 1.… … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)
Sein Lwin — (1924 ) A close associate of Ne Win who briefly served as chairman of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) and as Burma s president in 1988. He joined the Burma Defence Army in 1943, and after the war served in the Fourth Burma Rifles … Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar)